What is blockchain technology?

A blockchain is basically a dispersed database of records or open record of all exchanges or computerized events that have been executed and shared among taking an interest parties. Every transaction is confirmed by agreement of a larger part of the members in the framework. The data can never be deleted.The blocks are added to the blockchain in a linear, chronological order. Each node(PC associated with the Bitcoin) gets a duplicate of the blockchain, which gets downloaded naturally after joining the Bitcoin organize.

A Bitcoin

The first Bitcoin specification and proof of concept were published in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto, the paper was entitled “Bitcoin: A Peer-To-Peer Electronic Cash System”. Bitcoin utilizes cryptographic verification rather than the trust in the outsider (third party) for two willing gatherings to execute an online exchange over the Internet. Every exchange is secured through a computerized signature. This payment system maintains a public transaction ledger in a distributed manner. The ledger is maintained by anonymous participants (“players”) called miners, executing a protocol that maintains and extends a distributed data structure called the blockchain.

How does the blockchain works?

Blockchain is technology that enables moving digital coins or assets from one individual to another individual.The innovation can work for practically every sort of exchange including esteem, including cash, merchandise and property. Its potential uses are practically boundless: from gathering assessments to empowering transients to send cash back to family in nations where keeping money is troublesome.
Each block in the blockchain is computer code containing some form of information such as a contract, certificate of ownership, a statement of authenticity, or a proof of a bank’s financial transaction. Each block is securely connected or chained to the other through a digital signature. If someone tries to make an unauthorized change, everyone else can see where it happened and agree whether to change is valid or not.

In order to understand this, we have here a small example about a simple money transfer:

3rd trusted party vs blockchain

● Today, if a person wants to move money to another person this is typically done using a 3rd trusted party. This involves some fees ad also a period of time (2 days or more).

● The blockchain can help you to transfer money without the 3rd trusted party, without fees and it is also an immediate transfer.

Source: weforum.org

Who is using the blockchain?

In principle, if blockchain goes standard, anybody with access to the web would have the capacity to utilize it to make exchanges.
Right now just a little extent of worldwide GDP (around 0.025%, or $20 billion) is held in the blockchain, as indicated by a study * by the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council. In any case, the Forum’s examination suggests this will increment essentially in the following decade, as banks, safety net providers, and tech firms see the innovation as an approach to accelerate settlements and cut costs.

The expansive Financial organizations like Visa, Mastercard, Banks, NASDAQ, etc., are investing in exploring the application of current business models on BlockChain. As for blockchain technology itself, it has numerous applications, from banking to the Internet of Things. Blockchain is a promising tool that will change parts of the Internet of Things and empower arrangements that give more prominent knowledge into resources, operations, and supply chains.

Sources:

https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf
https://eprint.iacr.org/2014/765.pdf
https://www.weusecoins.com/
http://scet.berkeley.edu/wp-content/uploads/BlockchainPaper.pdf
https://www.ft.com/content/eb1f8256-7b4b-11e5-a1fe-567b37f80b64#axzz3qe4rV5dH
http://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/blockchain.asp
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/06/blockchain-explained-simply/
http://www.businessinsider.com/blockchain-technology-cryptocurrency-explained-2017-8
https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/06/blockchain-explained-simply/
https://www.ibm.com/blockchain/what-is-blockchain.html
http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GAC15_Technological_Tipping_Points_report_2015.pdf

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